Fred H. Lawson


Fred H. Lawson, a contributing editor of this magazine and James Irvine professor of government at Mills College is author of Why Syria Goes to War (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1996).

Articles by this Author
Private Capital and the State in Contemporary Syria

Throughout the late 1980s, Syria’s economy suffered persistent difficulties. Shortages of imported machinery and spare parts led to underproduction and quality control breakdowns in the country’s larger factories. External...

Washington Watch

House Foreign Affairs Committee chair Lee Hamilton (D-IN) offered the first criticism by a Washington insider of the Bush administration’s handling of the Gulf crisis when, on September 18, 1990, he blamed Assistant Secretary of State for...

Karsh, The Soviet Union and Syria

Efraim Karsh, The Soviet Union and Syria: The Asad Years (London: Routledge, 1988.)

US-Arab Economic Trends in the Reagan Period

US economic relations with the Arab states have entered a new phase in the last two years, one that reproduces many of the features that characterized the end of the Carter administration. US exports to the region rose by about 13 percent from...

Nonneman, Iraq, the Gulf States and the War

Gerd Nonneman, Iraq, the Gulf States and the War (London: Ithaca Press, 1986).

Peterson, Defending Arabia

J. E. Peterson, Defending Arabia (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1986).

Class and State in Kuwait

Over the past five years, Kuwait’s rulers have confronted a variety of crises. Declining oil revenues have forced the regime to engage in deficit spending, which may jeopardize both the state’s extensive system of social welfare...

Hussain, Political Perspectives on the Muslim World

Asaf Hussain, Political Perspectives on the Muslim World (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1984).


Stookey, South Yemen

Robert Stookey, South Yemen: A Marxist Republic in Arabia (Boulder: Westview Press, 1982).

The Reagan Administration in the Middle East

Under the Reagan administration, the United States has waged “the second Cold War” with particular forcefulness in the Middle East. Washington has moved combat forces into the region repeatedly since 1981: to engage first Libyan...