An Interview with Charles Shammas

by Joe Stork
published in MER186

Charles Shammas is the founder and project director of Mattin, an industry promotion organization in the West Bank. He is also a founding member of al-Haq, a leading Palestinian human rights organization, and of the Jerusalem-based Center for International Human Rights Enforcement. Joe Stork spoke with him in late October 1993.

I’ve detected a lot of pessimism here about the way things have been developing since the Oslo accords were announced.

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From the Editors

published in MER190

The question of population and development needs to be framed first and foremost as a question of equity. The articles in this issue address explicitly the matter of gender equity in families and societies, in ways that challenge the notion that Middle Eastern birth and fertility rates can be neatly attributed to Islam and Muslim cultures. Beyond this, we insist that the underlying theme is resource equity. As Philippe Fargues notes, the so-called demographic crisis in many Middle Eastern societies today is a social crisis, arising from the demand for more equitable access to jobs, schooling, housing and health care.

Politics in the Middle East

by Gabriel Piterberg
published in MER191

Elie Kedourie, Politics in the Middle East (New York: Oxford, 1992).

Roger Owen, State, Power and Politics in the Making of the Modern Middle East (London: Routledge, 1992).

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"Tilt but Don't Spill"

Iran's Development and Reconstruction Dilemma

by Kaveh Ehsani
published in MER191

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The Saudis, the French and the Embargo

by Fareed Mohamedi , Roger Diwan
published in MER193

The successful maintenance of a near total embargo on Iraq owes to a number of factors, ranging from geography to post-Cold War global economies. Iraq’s limited access to the sea can be easily monitored, while its record of regional aggression has deprived Baghdad of local friends. Despite some breaches of the export embargo involving high-ranking officials in both countries, Iran is not going to give Iraq much economic relief. The same goes for Syria. Turkey and Jordan, Iraq’s two lifelines to the outside world, cannot risk more than limited and calibrated breaches of the embargo because of their own susceptibility to US pressures.

From Zionism to Capitalism

The Political Economy of Israel's Decolonization of the Occupied Territories

by Yoav Peled
published in MER194

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Categories of Power

by Joel Beinin
published in MER196

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Turkish Islam and National Identity

by Sami Zubaida
published in MER199

Turkish Islam is tied up with Turkish nationalism in a unique fashion, the product of Turkish history and identity. Turkey’s brand of Islamist ideology challenges the secularist components and the European identification of Kemalism, historically the dominant form of Turkish nationalism, but retains the central core of Turkish nationalism and statism.

The Crisis of the Turkish State

by Ertugrul Kurkcu
published in MER199

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Cairo's Poor

Dilemmas of Survival and Solidarity

by Asef Bayat
published in MER202

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